Tapers and Chuck keys


Milling Machine Tapers

Parent page is Machining

There are really only a few tapers in common use even with all the names for milling machine tapers. Quite a few manual milling machines use the "R-8" taper, but most CNC and large machines use something else. A tool-holder consists of 2 sections separated by the gage line (the gage line is an imaginary line marking the portion of the tool-holder that matches the bottom edge of the machine spindle). The taper fits into the spindle allowing the machine spindle to transfer rotary motion to the tool holder which holds the tool.

A toolholder has a 2 part specification, taper and tool. This page covers the machine-to-toolholder standard and not the holder-to-tool standard. and example might help. A NMTB #30 collet chuck and an NMTB 1/2" endmill holder fit the same machine, but hold different tools.

The NMTB refers to the taper standard family - the #30 the shank size (if they leave off the #30 part it is assumed to be the small one.) At the end of the tool-holder name is the name of the tool type - 1/2" end-mill holder or

Conversely, a NMTB 1/2" end-mill tool-holder and a Universal Kwik-Switch 200 1/2" end-mill tool-holder will hold the same tool, but fit different machines. The drawings below show only the taper portion of the tool-holder.

Spindle Size Number

The ANSI standard size is determined by the machine size; Larger machines use larger shanks.

Spindle size to Machine size
Taper Shank No. Machine Size
#60 Very large machines
#50 Medium size machines (20 to 50 HPs)
#40 Small size machines
#30 Very small machines

All of the major tapers, except the Universal Kwik-Switch family, use the 3 1/2" in 12" model of the NMTB or 7:24. A 3/8" end-mill #50 NMTB tool-holder is about a serious 9 pounds of metal compared to dainty 3/4 of a pound for a #30 NMTB 1/4" end-mill tool-holder.

Tool-Holder Tapers

Universal Kwik-Switch

A Tool-Holders with Ears!

This taper style is also made by Collis who call it Rapid-Switch.

The Kwik-Switch is supplied as alternative tooling in Bridgeport, Wells index, and other machines. The 200 series is pretty much equivalent to the NMTB #30, but has more mass and a more positive lock.


, Kwik-switch.jpg
Kwik-Switch Size A B C E F H J K L M
100 .875 1.44 0.16 0.312 0.250 1.12 1.56 0.375 1.06 0.68
200 1.312 2.50 0.22 0.375 0.312 1.75 2.12 0.500 1.68 0.97
300 1.625 2.94 0.28 0.438 0.375 2.00 2.50 0.500 1.94 1.22
400 2.250 3.62 0.34 0.500 0.438 2.81 3.25 0.625 2.75 1.75

Tool-Holders with Collars or Flanges

Single Flange Tool-Holders

The single collar taper is the most popular, as evidenced by the numerous names it has. Most often NMTB or Erickson Quick Change. NMTB (from National Machine Tool Builders' Association, 1927. and also known as DIN 2080 / IS 2340 SHANK)

You'll see it called Quick Change, NMTB, MM, National Standard, American Standard Machine Taper, ISOXX, & QCXX...

The American Standard Steep Machine Taper (ASA B5.10-1963) defines 12 tapers: #5, #10, #15, #20, #25, #30, #35, #40, #45, #50, #55, #60. Those numbers in bold are the "Preferred Series" while the others are in the "Intermediate Series".

ANSI mentions six taper shank sizes including #30, #35, #40, #45, #50, and #60. For all the sizes the taper is 3 1/2" per foot.


, NMTB.jpg
Shank Slot A B C
30 16.1 [.634] 31.75 [1.250] 68.4 [2.75] 1/2-13
40 16.1 [.634] 44.45 [1.750] 93.4 [3.75] 5/8-11
50 25.7 [1.012] 69.85 [2.750] 126.8 [5.12] 1-8

Dual Flange Tool-Holders

There are two common dual flange types: V-flange (often referred to as Caterpillar V-flanges) and BT-flange.

BT-Flange and ISO-Flange
BT-flange holders are widely used in Japanese and European made machining centers and have metric threads for the retention knob, but their adapters can be designed to accommodate a wide range of inch-dimensioned cutting tools.

The BT Flange is also known as

  • JMTBA MAS-403 "BT"
  • JIS B 6339 - 1986
  • JIS B6339 - 1992
  • ISO 7388/1 - 1983


, BT-flange.jpg

MODEL D1 D2 t1 t2 L1 L2 L3 L d1 d2 G
BT20* ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
BT30 46 38 20 2 48.4 34 24 70.4 31.75 12.5 M12
BT40 63 53 25 2 65.4 70 30 92.4 44.45 17 M16
BT50 100 85 35 3 101.8 90 45 139.8 69.85 25 M24
*used by SAKAI MM-250 S3 Milling machine
Caterpillar V-flanges
Caterpillar V-flanges use inch threads for the retention knob and are used to hold inch-dimensioned cutting tools.

You'll see the CAT flange referred to as DIN69871

I've seen them most often referred to as CAT-30, CAT-40, CAT-45, and CAT-50 and CAT-40 seems to be the most common.

, V flange.jpg
SHANK
SIZE
A
GAGE LINE
B C D
V30 1.250 1.812 1.875 1/2-13
V40 1.750 2.500 2.687 5/8-11
V45 2.250 3.250 3.250 3/4-10
V50 2.750 3.875 4.000 1-8

[Inches]

DIN 69871-A TAPER
Need information on this one... , DIN69871-A.gif
MODEL D1 D2 t1 t2 L1 L2 L3 d1 d2 M max G
10 23 18.46 5.5 ? 20.5 ? ? 15.875 ? ? ?
20 33 27 8 ? 33.3 ? ? 22.225 ? ? ?
25 37 31 8 ? 39.7 ? ? 25.4 ? ? ?
30 50 44.30 15.9 3.2 47.8 33.5 24 31.75 13 45 M12
40 63.55 56.25 15.9 3.2 68.4 42.5 32 44.45 17 50 M16
50 97.5 91.25 15.9 3.2 101.75 61.5 47 69.85 25 80 M24

R8, R-8 or M1TR taper -- Common Bridgeport Tapered Draw-Bar

This is not truly a taper as defined by Machinery's Handbook, since it is held in place by a drawbar. Picture a long 7/16"NF bolt leading down through the spindle, threading onto the R-8 tool-holder. The included angle is 8.25°1 OD of 1.25" 18.85/2 degrees or 8.25??

Taper = 16 Deg 51 Min.Included

End Dia. .9495 +0 -.0003

Overall from front dia. of 1 1/4"is 4" Undercut dia. 15/16"

The "arctan(3.5/12)" solution by definition implies a right triangle with a 3.5" short side and 12" long side. Thus, the hypotenuse is 1.25".

, R-8.gif

Machine Taper Dimensions table - Morse - Brown & Sharp - Jarno - Jacobs

Taper Name Large End
Diameter
Taper/ft Taper/in Angle in degrees
From Center
Small End
Diameter
Length
#0 Morse 0.356 0.625 0.052 1.491 0.252 2.000
#1 Morse 0.475 0.599 0.050 1.429 0.369 2.130
#2 Morse 0.700 0.599 0.050 1.431 0.572 2.560
#3 Morse 0.938 0.602 0.050 1.438 0.778 3.190
#4 Morse 1.231 0.623 0.052 1.488 1.020 4.060
#4-1/2 Morse 1.500 0.624 0.052 1.489 1.266 4.500
#5 Morse 1.748 0.632 0.053 1.507 1.475 5.190
#6 Morse 2.494 0.626 0.052 1.493 2.116 7.250
#7 Morse 3.270 0.624 0.052 1.489 2.750 10.000
#1 Brown & Sharpe 0.239 0.502 0.042 1.198 0.200 0.940
#2 Brown & Sharpe 0.300 0.502 0.042 1.198 0.250 1.190
#3 Brown & Sharpe 0.375 0.502 0.042 1.198 0.313 1.500
#4 Brown & Sharpe 0.421 0.502 0.042 1.199 0.350 1.690
#5 Brown & Sharpe 0.539 0.502 0.042 1.197 0.450 2.130
#6 Brown & Sharpe 0.600 0.503 0.042 1.201 0.500 2.380
#7 Brown & Sharpe 0.720 0.502 0.042 1.197 0.600 2.880
#8 Brown & Sharpe 0.899 0.501 0.042 1.196 0.750 3.560
#9 Brown & Sharpe 1.078 0.501 0.042 1.196 0.900 4.250
#10 Brown & Sharpe 1.260 0.516 0.043 1.232 1.045 5.000
#11 Brown & Sharpe 1.498 0.501 0.042 1.196 1.250 5.940
#12 Brown & Sharpe 1.797 0.500 0.042 1.193 1.500 7.130
#13 Brown & Sharpe 2.073 0.500 0.042 1.194 1.750 7.750
#14 Brown & Sharpe 2.344 0.500 0.042 1.194 2.000 8.250
#15 Brown & Sharpe 2.615 0.500 0.042 1.194 2.250 8.750
#16 Brown & Sharpe 2.885 0.500 0.042 1.194 2.500 9.250
#17 Brown & Sharpe 3.156 0.500 0.042 1.194 2.750 9.750
#18 Brown & Sharpe 3.427 0.500 0.042 1.194 3.000 10.250
#2 Jarno 0.250 0.600 0.050 1.432 0.200 1.000
#3 Jarno 0.375 0.600 0.050 1.432 0.300 1.500
#4 Jarno 0.500 0.600 0.050 1.432 0.400 2.000
#5 Jarno 0.625 0.600 0.050 1.432 0.500 2.500
#6 Jarno 0.750 0.600 0.050 1.432 0.600 3.000
#7 Jarno 0.875 0.600 0.050 1.432 0.700 3.500
#8 Jarno 1.000 0.600 0.050 1.432 0.800 4.000
#9 Jarno 1.125 0.600 0.050 1.432 0.900 4.500
#10 Jarno 1.250 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.000 5.000
#11 Jarno 1.375 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.100 5.500
#12 Jarno 1.500 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.200 6.000
#13 Jarno 1.625 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.300 6.500
#14 Jarno 1.750 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.400 7.000
#15 Jarno 1.875 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.500 7.500
#16 Jarno 2.000 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.600 8.000
#17 Jarno 2.125 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.700 8.500
#18 Jarno 2.250 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.800 9.000
#19 Jarno 2.375 0.600 0.050 1.432 1.900 9.500
#20 Jarno 2.500 0.600 0.050 1.432 2.000 10.000
#0 Jacobs 0.250 0.592 0.049 1.412 0.228 0.440
#1 Jacobs 0.384 0.925 0.077 2.207 0.333 0.660
#2 Jacobs 0.559 0.979 0.082 2.335 0.488 0.880
#2 Short Jacobs 0.549 0.979 0.082 2.335 0.488 0.750
#3 Jacobs 0.811 0.639 0.053 1.525 0.746 1.220
#4 Jacobs 1.124 0.629 0.052 1.501 1.037 1.660
#5 Jacobs 1.413 0.620 0.052 1.480 1.316 1.880
#6 Jacobs 0.676 0.623 0.052 1.487 0.624 1.000
#33 Jacobs 0.624 0.762 0.064 1.818 0.561 1.000

Parent page is Machining

Chuck keys

Need information about origin of standard and metric standards..

Key Size Comments - Chucks
K0 1/8" 0.125"
K2 1/4" 0.250"
K3 (K3C?) 5/16" 0.312 5"
K4 3/8 0.375" (#9)
K5 7/16 0.437 5" (#26)
K7 7/32" 0.218 75"
?? 21/64 0.328 125
K30 15/64" 0.234 375
K32 1/4" 0.250"
KG 1/4" 0.250"
KI 5/32" 0.156 25"
KK 9/32" 0.281 25"
K30 15/64" 0.234 375" (#13)

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