- Face and Flank
- On a cutting edge the face is the side where the chip is
formed and the flank is the other side of the parting action.
- A piece of metal in a way that adjusts to remove play and
compensate for wear. This machine uses tapered gibs with a
adjusting screw at the left end and a locking screw on the right
end. Loosen the right end slightly and tighten the left end to
remove play. adjusting should be done with light finger
pressure. (Cheaper systems use a straight gib with series of
screws normal to the gib that tighten the gib).
- Swarf pronounced(swôrf)
- Chips, shavings, turnings and cutting fluid - the metal—the
debris or waste resulting from metalworking operations.
Continuous, spring-like, swarf is bulky hard to handle so use of
a cutting tool with a chip-breaker is recommended to produce
denser, more manageable chips. From old English sweorfan - to
- Tramp oil
- Sometimes called sump oil, is oil that has mixed with cutting
fluid (coolants) or swarf. Skimmers are used to separate the
tramp oil from coolant.
- The guide that holds a table so it can slide back and forth.
Mandrel vs Arbor
A mandrel holds work, an arbor hold tooling
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